What is Gambling and How Can it Affect You?
Gambling is a risky activity in which a person wagers something of value on an event that has a certain amount of uncertainty or chance involved, such as the outcome of a lottery game or a sports contest. It is also an important global commercial activity, with the legal gambling market worth about $335 billion in 2009.
Some people can become addicted to gambling, and some gamble out of control, leading to financial problems. In extreme cases, gambling can cause serious psychological and social issues, such as depression and anxiety. There are no FDA-approved medications for treating gambling disorders, but counselling and support from family and friends can help. It is also possible to seek professional help through self-help groups, such as Gamblers Anonymous.
It can be hard to know when gambling has gone too far, and some people hide their problem by lying to friends and family members or hiding evidence of their betting. However, if gambling is starting to interfere with your life, it’s time to seek help. Counselling can help you understand your gambling, think about how it affects your life, and work out options for stopping the behaviour. It is important to remember that gambling is not a good way to make money, and you should only gamble with money you can afford to lose. If you are tempted to gamble, set limits for yourself in advance, such as a maximum amount of money you will spend, and stick to them. Never chase your losses; thinking that you are due for a big win will only lead to bigger losses.
In the past, the psychiatric community has viewed pathological gambling as more of a compulsion than an addiction, but in a 1980 move, the American Psychiatric Association moved it to the “impulse control disorder” section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). This change was based on recent research in psychology, neuroscience and genetics, which showed that gambling and drug addiction share many of the same brain changes.
There are now many options for gambling, including online casinos and bookmakers. This has made it harder for people who are recovering from gambling addiction to stay in recovery, but it is still possible to overcome a gambling problem by surrounding yourself with supportive people, staying away from tempting environments and websites, giving up credit cards and other forms of payment, getting out of debt, and finding healthier ways to relieve boredom and stress.
If you have an urge to gamble, try distracting yourself by exercising, taking a walk, or calling a friend. Alternatively, you could try talking to a trusted counsellor, or joining a self-help group for families like Gam-Anon. You can also find support on a national gambling helpline. There are also many websites with resources and articles to help you stop gambling. There are even apps for helping you cut down your gambling. The most important step is to recognise that you have a problem, and take action.